Mark 6:1-6, 7:1-19 - Jesus the Prophet
had rained for several days, and our dirt road—a narrow passage through the woods
to our old home—was a strip of mud. But just how muddy it had become was not
apparent until Bill, the local cement-and-gravel man, drove onto the property
with his truck loaded with the sand and crushed rock I’d ordered early that morning
to improve our driveway. But that wasn’t going to happen, at least not today,
because the eight rear, weight-bearing wheels on Bill’s truck suddenly sank to
the axles in the saturated ground. It didn’t take long for Bill to conclude that
he wasn’t going to go any farther, and so he turned off the engine, climbed down
from the cab, and stood for a moment looking quietly at the undignified posture
of his vehicle.
Moments later he broke his silence. Like most taciturn rural workers, Bill frequently expresses his deeper feelings through the use of a special, somewhat limited, vocabulary of nouns and adjectives. In this case he used only one of those words, a monosyllabic one. But when Bill used it, it came out as if it contained two syllables. Although the word is only four letters long, it took Bill several seconds to complete its pronunciation. And when he repeated it in the same way several more times, I knew exactly what he thought about my mud and his stupidity for not foreseeing what was likely to happen on a dirt road after all that rain.
Then, seeming to remember that I did not make it a habit to use the word he had just spoken, he turned and gave me a sheepish grin and mumbled an apology. Anxieties expressed, we began to study how we could pull the truck with its heavy load from the mud since every hour that it remained motionless would cost Bill significant business revenue. And when we had a plan, we moved into motion. First, we
off-loaded the rock and sand to lighten the weight on the wheels. Then we drove in my car to Bill’s gravel pit, loaded his bulldozer on a flatbed, and returned to the site of the stranded dumper truck. Bill, now confident that we would quickly have the problem solved, attached the ends of a chain to the back of the Caterpillar and to the front of the truck. He revved up the bulldozer’s diesel engine and started to pull. I stood off to one side and watched as the chain became taut and began to bear the strain of the tug-of-war between raw horsepower and my muddy driveway. The mud won! The problem wasn’t with the bulldozer; it was certainly adequate. But the chain wasn’t.
It couldn’t take the strain put on it. Good for some things, Bill’s chain simply didn’t measure up to this task. It broke as if it were a piece of string. Three times Bill used the remaining length of chain to pull on the front of the truck, and three times the chain snapped. With each failure, Bill expanded further on the vocabulary reserved for stressful situations. And he no longer bothered to apologise. Obviously, we needed a heavier chain: one that matched the demands of the situation. And only when we returned to the gravel pit and found one, did we get the job done. The bulldozer’s power was more than adequate, and with a chain of greater strength, it quickly prevailed over the mud. The truck obediently came forth.
dumper truck is a picture. A picture of you and me in life’s darker moments. Those
times when we feel trapped in the mud of difficult questions and choices. Sunk
to our knees in murky circumstances and painful consequences in life. When there
is fear, when there is dread, intimidation, or doubt; when there is a numbing
sense of loneliness, insignificance, or apathy we need help. Perhaps you could
call those times, the muddy moments of personal experience. We all have muddy
moments. Some of us are more ready to admit to them than are others. Your muddy
moments may differ from mine, but regardless of their variety, they are just as
real to each of us when we get bogged down. Metaphorically speaking, when muddy
moments come, we are likely to spin our “wheels,” exhaust our “fuel,” put wear
on our “engines,” and get nowhere.
It would be nice to think that we could go through life without ever getting axle-deep in muddy moments. But given our blind spots and our rebel-prone spirits, given the unpredictability of other people’s choices that have untold rippling effects, and given the random consequences of evil in our world, some muddy moments are a certainty for each of us and should be anticipated. As a businessman, Bill, the cement-and-gravel man, was realistic; he anticipated muddy moments in his business. And that’s part of the reason he kept chains in his shed at the gravel pit. He had to be prepared to pull his machinery out of holes like mine. And when one chain couldn’t do the job, he had another one that did. He would have been a naive truck driver if he’d trusted in his “luck” to keep out of muddy holes. No, he knew that he couldn’t go out and make a living if he wasn’t willing to take some risks that might eventuate in muddy moments. The chains were there to use when that happened. We each spend a lifetime developing a view of reality in this world that is like a chain. It is your view of life. It is your faith. It’s your version of reality.
I think of my faith like Bill’s chains when I ask myself, "Is my faith strong enough to withstand the tension caused between the power of God and the problems of this world? Does it reach far enough? Does it hold when the mud is the deepest?" Your faith is not made exclusively for muddy moments naturally, but in those times of extreme duress your faith is put to the severest tests and shown to be adequate or not.
In our gospel reading today we find people using three different kinds of faith. Three different kinds of faith chains. They are Doubting Faith, Unbelieving Faith and Saving Faith. Lets consider each and decide which one best describes our situation. Which of these three are we relying on today.
1. A Doubting Faith - The People Questioned Jesus
"When the Sabbath came, he began to teach in the synagogue, and many who heard him were amazed. "Where did this man get these things?" they asked. "What's this wisdom that has been given him, that he even does miracles!"
not wrong to have doubts or questions. I expect you to have them. I do. I get
one or more emails a day from a lady who asks me questions about the Christian
faith. The true relationship of faith to doubt is closer to that of courage and
fear. Fear, in fact, need be no threat to courage. What courage cannot afford
is recklessness. Take a mountain climber, a Grand Prix racing driver or Army officer.
Each one demonstrates a courage which controls his fear and subdues his emotions
so that risks are minimized and decisions made responsibly. Actions in the face
of danger are carefully calculated. It is the same with faith and doubt. Doubt
is not the opposite of saving faith, unbelief is. Doubt is not necessarily nor
automatically the end of faith. What destroys faith is the disobedience that hardens
into unbelief. From the moment we are born, we are all doubters. The first sound
we make is a cry of terror. "What is this world I am entering?" we cry.
"Will my needs be met? Why has my warm secure world changed?
Can I really be sure someone out there will feed me and clothe me. Who will care for me?" Nothing in the infant naturally trusts the universe to be fully sensitive to his needs. The baby wants proof - a full stomach, dry clothing, a warm bed, above all, loving attention. Those secure arms, that gentle voice and that eye to eye contact - then and only then will she begin to trust and smile. In an adult, doubt is but faith suffering from mistreatment or malnutrition. Underneath everything lies trust. From friendships of children to agreements between nations, life depends on trust. Counting on people is trust. Enjoying people is trust. Trust is the shared silence, the exchanged look, the expressive touch. Crying for help is trust, shaking hands is trust, a kiss is trust. The highest reaches of love and life depend on trust. There are no more important questions in life than, "Who can I trust?" And none more than the ultimate. "Can I trust God?" Jesus offered evidence of God's love to prove his promises.
Jesus returned to Nazareth because he loved the community in which he had been raised as a boy. Even though just a year before He had been rejected and evicted from the synagogue (Luke 4:16-30). He probably knew each person in the small town by name. This time, they did not evict Him: they simply did not take Him seriously. They faith was hypothetical. Asking questions but not finding answers. Two things astonished these people: His mighty works and His wonderful wisdom. Now there is nothing remarkable in that - indeed I would expect people to find the claims of Jesus astonishing. Jesus claims to have existed before the world was created. He claims to be our creator. He claims to be both God and man. He claims to have come to earth to rescue you from sin and evil. He claims he will come and live with you to enable you to become like him. He claims to hold your eternal destiny in his hands. If you don't find that astonishing. If you have never had any doubts about these claims then perhaps its because your faith is theoretical. Jesus invited analysis. The value of doubt is that it can detect error. We live in a fallen world. All is not true, so not everything should be believed. Doubt is the acid test for truth. Doubt is the best solvent for error. It is the Geiger counter for detecting falsehood, the sieve to catch unwanted lumps of irrationality.
Doubt acts like a sparring partner to both truth and error. It keeps faith trim and helps shed the flabbiness of false ideas. Like a terrier, doubt worries at weak ideas until they escape reinvigorated or collapse exhausted. If anyone says "Just believe" don't. If anyone has to say "Don't you trust me?" Ask for proof. I encourage my children to question assumptions, to test theories, to doubt strangers. And I encourage you to do the same. But I also invite you to consider the wisdom of Jesus; consider the miracles of Jesus and ask yourself the same question these Nazarenes asked, "Where did this man get these things? What is this wisdom that has been given him, that he even does miracles!" But don’t be satisfied with a hypothetical faith based on rhetorical questions. Search for an answer until you find it. The search for an answer will lead your doubting faith in one of two directions. The facts will either drive you to a saving faith or an unbelieving faith. It will depend not so much on your heart and mind, as much as your will. For Jesus demands a response. He calls us to repentance and faith, to trust and obey, to surrender and follow. Jesus calls for a whole change of lifestyle from what we want to what he wants, and that isn't easy. It is not always popular. Doubting faith. Hypothetical faith. A good place to start, but not to remain.
An Unbelieving Faith - The Neighbours Offended by Jesus
"Isn't this the carpenter? Isn't this Mary's son and the brother of James, Joseph, Judas and Simon? Aren't his sisters here with us?" And they took offense at him. Jesus said to them, "Only in his hometown, among his relatives and in his own house is a prophet without honour." (Mark 6:3-4)
may sound something of a contradiction to talk about unbelieving faith. But the
reality is everyone has faith. I was reading a book recently by Martin Robinson
called "The Faith of the Unbeliever". He points out that unbelievers
do not believe in nothing. On the contrary they often have a very definite set
of beliefs, which they may hold just as passionately as we may hold to ours. Research
has shown that typically, the faith of secular people in Britain today is centred
around the following tenets.
1. Good actions are more important than right beliefs
2. Religion is intensely private
3. The church is largely irrelevant
could debate the relative merits of these beliefs, as my father would say, till
the cows come home. The issue that cuts through all the fog is what are we to
make of Jesus Christ. And that brings us back to our story. What was the problem
for the Nazarenes? Why were they unable to trust Him? Because like many religious
people today who have spent much of their lives in church, they thought they really
knew Him, when in fact they didn't know him at all. After all, He had been their
neighbour for nearly thirty years, they had seen Him at work in the carpenter’s
shop, and He appeared to be just another Nazarene. The tragedy is that they asked
the right questions but with the wrong attitude. Prejudice so overrules all the
evidence that they answer themselves, "Is not this the carpenter? the son
of Mary?" The people were “offended at Him.” That literally means “they
stumbled over Him.” The Greek word gives us our English word scandalize.
“They could not explain Him, so they rejected Him.” This is where scepticism
becomes cynicism. Where doubt turns into unbelief. Their questions of enquiry
became rhetorical, with the sneer of prejudice and the sting of unbelief, they
claimed to worship God yet rejected God’s Son. Jesus says of them:
"Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you hypocrites; as it is written: " 'These people honour me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me. They worship me in vain; their teachings are but rules taught by men.' (Mark 7:6-7)
That is why it is futile to argue with someone who will not face the facts, - because they are no longer looking for an answer but an excuse. So don't give them one. Let me illustrate this. The most popular diet in the world today is undoubtedly, the Atkins Diet. Used by millions of disciples including Jennifer Aniston and Geri Halliwell. Sadly Dr Robert Atkins, the author of the controversial diet died last April after falling on ice. According to the Times newspaper, while the Atkins Diet has become a quasi-religion for millions and made his family millionaires, it has divided the medical community.
Not only have questions been raised about the pseudo-scientific basis for the diet. More seriously, medical records reveal that at the time of his death Dr Atkins weighed 18 stone and was suffering from heart disease. Using the Body Mass Index calculations, Dr Atkins had a BMI score of 34 making him clinically obese. Do you still have faith in the Atkins diet? Is your faith influenced at all by the BMI of Dr Atkins? Should it be? You decide. In Nazareth there were some who had a doubting faith - the people who questioned Jesus. Others had an unbelieving faith - the neighbours offended by Jesus. There is a third kind of faith demonstrated in this passage.
3. A Saving Faith - The Disciples Who Followed Jesus
Where is the evidence of genuine faith in this passage? Its there - can you see it? Mark 6:1. "The Disciples followed Jesus." Don't ignore or underestimate these profound words. Obedience to the Son of God is the path to faith.
3.1 Obedience is the Pathway to Experiencing Faith.
Jesus is making it very clear that true faith in God is revealed, is authenticated, by obedience to the word of God. In Mark 7:13 he warned them, “Thus you nullify the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down. And you do many things like that." (Mark 7:13). In another passage he made his own words the test of true faith.
"Whoever has my commands and obeys them, he is the one who loves me. He who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love him and show myself to him... If anyone loves me, he will obey my teaching. My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him." (John 14:21, 23)
3.2 Obedience is the Pathway to Enlarging our Faith
"To the Jews who had believed him, Jesus said, "If you hold to my teaching, you are really my disciples. Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free." (John 8:31-32)
was inviting experimentation among those who had already begun to believe in Him.
Jesus challenged them to choose between the word of God and their man-made rules.
Indeed he warned them that they could not keep both. “You have let go of the
commands of God and are holding on to the traditions of men." (Mark 7:8).
Obedience to God’s Word is the pathway to experiencing faith, the pathway to enlarging
3.3 Obedience is the Pathway to Giving Evidence of Faith.
"A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another." (John 13:34-35)
is what we are here for today - to give evidence before a sceptical world that
Jesus is alive, that we have begun to experience his love and we want to share
it. To believe in Jesus, to experience a saving faith is to be in 'one mind',
that what Jesus has said and done is true.
disbelieve is also to be in one mind but in rejecting Jesus. To doubt is to waver
between the two, to believe and disbelieve at once, to be in two minds. Only one
of these three kinds of faith is strong enough to enable you to cope with the
pressures of life.
Remember chains are comprised of links. At the foundry each one is forged with the anticipation that it will stand up under an anticipated amount of stress. Some tiny chains are designed to support only a locket or a medal about your neck. Some chains are designed to constrain a prisoner. And some are made for lugging heavy logs out of a forest. The heaviest chains I’ve seen are used to raise ships’ anchors from the floor of the seabed and pull heavy-duty dumper trucks out of muddy holes. You don’t want a necklace-strength chain to lift an anchor. And of course, you don’t need a chain made for a ship to put around a person’s neck. You do want a chain with links forged to face up to the demands of the situation. At each stage of my life I have needed a faith that not only made sense in the moments of success when the sun was shining but also brought hope and new starts in muddy moments of failure.
I have sought a faith capable of helping me accept the person I am who is nevertheless special and valuable in the eyes of the One who put the spark of life in me. There is a chain fit for every situation. When Bill needed one, it was ready, hanging in his shed. For too many years I, and perhaps you, have been too comfortable with versions of reality or faith that, like a lightweight chain, are only useful for the good times.
But life, as I am sure you have painfully discovered, has its muddy moments. And if we do not have a chain that is strong enough, the mud will win and drag us down. If you are looking for a chain that will pull you through the worst of this life and get you to heaven, then you need a chain made in heaven. Three chains. Three kinds of faith. Only one will do. Only one is strong enough. A doubting faith or an unbelieving faith will not do. Make sure yours is a saving faith. A faith that is placed firmly and securely in your Saviour. Jesus the Lord.
A faith that is based on a daily walk of obedience, following Him, trusting him, keeping his word close to your heart and as a guide to your feet. Then you will indeed find God is more certain, more faithful and more gracious than our doubting, faltering views of him. Recently I discovered a prayer I had written in the front of a book back in 1977, 27 years ago when I had been a Christian just a few months. You may like to join me in praying it.
"Dear Lord, I have a doubting faith, help me find the answers to those doubts and learn to trust you. I have an unbelieving faith, forgive me for denying you and causing others to stumble. I need you saving faith. May the faith that I profess become the faith I show in my actions, and that my doubts no longer be unbelief and no longer founded. For Jesus sake. Amen."
Martin Luther put it much better when he confessed:
"Dear Lord, Although I am sure of my position, I am unable to sustain it without you, help me or I am lost." Martin Luther
I am grateful to Gordon MacDonald and his book "Christ's Followers in the Real World" (Thomas Nelson, Nashville, 1989) for the story of Bill and his dumper truck. I am sure I have used other people’s resources as well but I confess, as I first preached this many years ago, I cannot remember who. If you recognize your own ideas, then I apologize, and I’ll gladly attribute them!