Covenant and Promise (The Greatest Test
of All) Genesis 22
When Michael was born five weeks premature, and I held
that little bundle of life in my hands for the first time, I didn't know whether
the Lord who had given us a son would take him back again. Although I wasn't quite
as old as Abraham, it was the first time I could really identify with him in this
passage. At the age of 75, Abraham had enrolled in the "School of Faith." Now
he was over 100, and he was still having faith-stretching, heart stopping experiences.
We are never too old to face new challenges, fight new battles, and learn new
truths. When we stop learning, we stop growing; and when we stop growing, we stop
living. "The first forty years of life give us the text," wrote Arthur Schopenhauer,
"and the next thirty supply the commentary." For the Christian, the text is Habakkuk
2:4: "The righteous will live by his faith." The "commentary" is being written
as we listen to God and obey His directions one day, one challenge at a time.
Sad to say, some people understand neither the text nor the commentary, and their
lives are ended before they have really started to live.
It takes an awful tragedy like a Turkish earthquake, a Dunblane massacre or a
Paddington rail crash to shake us back to the reality that we are just one step,
one second, one heart beat from eternity. Genesis 22 records the greatest test
that Abraham ever faced. It also helps us see the progressive unfolding of God's
rescue mission for planet earth. For it contains a beautiful prefiguring of our
Lord Jesus Christ's sacrifice at Calvary. In both the lesson from this passage
is this: obedient faith overcomes in the trials
of life. I want us to consider five principles we can draw from
this lesson. We can learn them the hard way or the easy way. Blindly on our own
or with insight and wisdom from God's Word.
1. Expect Tests from Almighty
God (Genesis 22:1-2)
In the "School of Faith" we will inevitably face tests for this is the only
was we grow. Do you remember the way your non-Christian friends began to observe
your words and actions when they discovered where you had started going on Sundays?
They may have joked about it but they were watching you. They may even tested
you to see how real your faith was. Would you no longer exaggerate your mileage
claim? Were you still late for work? Did you still swear occasionally? Could they
still get you a little tipsy? Did you join in the gossip any more? Little tests
that you may not have even noticed. Little tests that showed one of two things.
Either you had just got religious and were a pain in the neck or you had experienced
a life changing encounter with Jesus Christ that they didn't have.
Abraham had his share of tests from the very beginning. First was the "family
test," when he had to leave his home in Ur and step out by faith to go to a new
land (11:27-12:5). Then there was the "famine test," which Abraham failed because
he doubted God and went down to Egypt for help (12:10-13:4). Abraham passed the
"fellowship test" when he gave Lot first choice in using the pastureland (13:5-18).
He also passed the "fortune test" when he said no to Sodom's wealth (14:17-24).
But he failed the "fatherhood test" when Sarah got impatient with God and suggested
that Abraham have a child by Hagar (Gen. 16). When the time came to send Ishmael
away, Abraham passed the "farewell test" even though it broke his heart (21:14-21).
Not every difficult experience in life is necessarily a personal test from God.
Every experience though, can be either a test or a temptation, or both, depending
on how we deal with it. (See James 1:12-16.) Sometimes its our own disobedience
that causes the pain or disappointment. Sometimes our hurts are simply a part
of normal human life: As we grow older, friends and loved ones move away or die,
life changes around us, and we must make painful adjustments.
Learn to distinguish between trials and temptations. Temptations
come from our desires within us (James 1:12-16) whereas trials come from the Lord
who has a special purpose in them. Temptations are used by the devil to bring
out the worst in us, but trials are used by God to bring out the best in us (1:1-6).
Temptations seem logical and attractive while trials seem very unreasonable. Why
would God give Abraham a son and then ask Abraham to kill him? Perhaps it was
because Abraham had not waited for God to give him a son. Having fulfilled that
promise, God now wanted to know whether Abraham could trust him, unconditionally,
unreservedly. We all face temptations to sin (1 Cor. 10:13), but we don't all
experience the same tests of faith.
These are tailor-made for each child of God, and every experience is unique. In
one sense, it is a compliment when God tests us because it shows he wants to deepen
our faith and perhaps use us in a new way. In his book, "The Road Less Travelled,
the psychiatrist M. Scott Peck wrote, "Life is difficult. Once we truly know that
life is difficultonce we truly understand and accept itthen life is
no longer difficult" (The Road Less Traveled, p. 15).
That is the first lesson we must learn: Expect tests from God, because the Christian
life is not easy, but trust Him in and through them. Following Christ and becoming
like Him was never meant to be easy, but worth it.
2. Focus on Promises not Explanations
"In the commencement of the spiritual life," wrote French mystic Madame Guyon,
"our hardest task is to bear with our neighbour; in its progress, with ourselves;
and in its end, with God." Like Abraham, our faith is not really tested until
God asks us to bear what seems unbearable, to do what seems unreasonable, and
to expect what seems impossible. Whether you look at Moses by the Red Sea, David
in the cave, Peter by the fire, or Jesus at Calvary, the lesson is the same: We
live by promises, not by explanations.
Consider how unreasonable God's request was. Isaac was Abraham's only son, and
the future of the covenant rested in him. Isaac was a miracle child, the gift
of God to Abraham and Sarah in response to their faith. Abraham and Sarah loved
Isaac very much and had built their whole future around him. When God asked Abraham
to offer his son, He was testing Abraham's faith, hope, and love. It seemed like
God was wiping out everything Abraham and Sarah had lived for. When God sends
a trial to us, our first response is usually, "Why, Lord?" and then, "Why
me?" Right away, we want God to give us explanations. Of course, we know
that God has reasons for sending testsperhaps to purify our faith (1 Peter
1:6-9), or perfect our character (James 1:1-4), or even to protect us from sin
(2 Cor. 12:7-10)but we fail initially to see how these things apply to us.
The fact that we ask our Father for explanations is natural but suggests we may
not know ourselves as we should or God as we should. Faith does not demand explanations;
faith rests on promises. Read 22:3.
Abraham believed God and obeyed Him when he did not know where (Heb. 11:8),
when he did not know when (11:9-10, 13-16), when he did not know how
(11:11-12), and when he did not know why (11:17-19).
Expect tests from Almighty God. Focus on promises not
3. Depend on God's Provision (Genesis
How do we know Abraham was trusting on God's promise? Because when Isaac asked
where the animal sacrifice was, Abraham replied, "God will provide Himself a lamb
for a burnt offering" (Gen. 22:8). As he climbed Mount Moriah with his son, Abraham
was confident that God would meet every need. On what could Abraham depend? He
certainly could not depend on his feelings, for there must have been terrible
pain within as he contemplated slaying his son on the altar. He loved his only
son, but he also loved his God and wanted to obey Him.
Nor could Abraham depend on other people. Sarah was at home, and the two servants
who accompanied him were back at the camp. We thank God for friends and family
members who can help us carry our burdens, but there are some tests in life that
we must face alone. It is only then that we
can see what our Father really can
do for us!
Abraham could depend on the promise and provision of the Lord. He had already
experienced the resurrection power of God in his own body (Rom. 4:19-21), so he
knew that God could raise Isaac from the dead if that was His plan. As Christians
our hope is based on the resurrection of Jesus. We can know "the power of His
resurrection" (Phil. 3:10) as we face the daily demands and trials of life. When
the situation appears to be hopeless, remind yourself, ask yourself,"I can do
all things through Christ who strengthens me" (Phil. 4:13).
God did provide the sacrifice that was needed, and a ram took Isaac's place on
the altar (Gen. 22:13). Abraham discovered a new name forGod "Jehovah-jireh" which
can be translated "The Lord will see to it" or "The Lord will be seen." Where
does the Lord provide our needs? In the place of His assignment. Abraham was at
the right place, so God could meet his needs. We have no right to expect the provision
of God if we are not in the will of God. When does God meet our needs?
Just when we have the need and not a minute before. When you bring your requests
to the throne of grace, God answers with mercy and grace "in time of need" (Heb.
4:16). Sometimes it looks like God waits until the last minute to send help, but
that is only from our human point of view. God is never late.
How does God provide for us? In ways that are usually quite natural. God
did not send an angel with a sacrifice; He simply allowed a ram to get caught
in a bush at a time when Abraham needed it and in a place where Abraham could
get his hands on it. All Abraham needed was one animal, so God did not send a
whole flock of sheep. To whom does God give His provision? To those
who trust Him and obey His instructions. When we are doing the will of God, we
have the right to expect the provision of God. "When God's work is done in God's
way, it will not lack God's support." God is not obligated to bless my ideas or
projects, but He will provide for His work if it is done in His way. Expect tests
from Almighty God. Focus on promises not explanations. Depend on God's
Provision, and fourth,
4. Seek to Glorify God in all
If ever two suffering people revealed the glory of God in Jesus Christ, it
was Abraham and Isaac on Mount Moriah. Their experience is
a picture of the Father and the
Son and the cross and is one of the most beautiful
found anywhere in the Old Testament. Jesus said to the Jews, "Your father, Abraham,
rejoiced to see My day; and he saw it, and was glad" (John 8:56). Lets consider
what Jesus may have meant.
4.1 The Father and Son acted
The moving phrase "they went both of them together" is found twice in the
narrative (22:6, 8). In our evangelism we often emphasize the Father's love for
lost people (John 3:16) and the sacrifice of Jesus to save us (1 John 3:16), but
we fail to mention that the Father and the Son also love each other.
Jesus Christ is the Father's "beloved Son" (Matt. 3:17), and the Son said, "But
that the world may know that I love the Father" (John 14:31). Abraham did not
withhold his son (Gen. 22:16), and the Father did not spare His Son (Rom. 8:32)
They acted together out of love.
4.2 The Son had to die
Abraham carried a knife and a torch, both instruments
of death. The knife would end Isaac's physical life, and the fire would burn the
wood on the altar where his body lay. In Isaac's case, a substitute died for him;
but nobody could take the place of
Jesus on the cross. He was the only sacrifice that
could finally and completely take away the sins of the world. The answer to the
question Isaac asked, "Where is the lamb?" was given by John the Baptist: "Behold
the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world" (John 1:29). The cross was
the physical instrument of death; but at Calvary, Jesus experienced much more
than death. He experienced the judgment of God for the sins of the world. Isaac
felt neither the knife nor the fire, but Jesus felt both. Isaac's loving father
was right there, but Jesus was forsaken by His Father when He became sin for us
(Matt. 27:45-46; 2 Cor. 5:21). What marvellous love!
4.3 The Son bore the burden of
It is interesting that the wood is mentioned five times in the narrative and
that Isaac did not start carrying the wood until he arrived at Mount Moriah. Near
Mount Moriah Jesus carried his own wood on which he would lay. Abraham took the
wood and "laid it upon Isaac his son" (Gen. 22:6), and "the Lord has laid on Him
[Jesus] the iniquity of us all" (Isa. 53:6). The fire consumed the wood as a picture
of the judgment of God against sin.
4.4 The Son was raised from the dead
Isaac did not actually die, but "in a figurative sense" (Heb. 11:19) he died
and was raised from the dead. Jesus, however, really died, was buried, and was
triumphantly resurrected. Abraham had offered Isaac back to God and God gave him
back to Abraham, back from the dead. The greatest thing that can happen as we
experience the testing God sends is that we grow closer to our Father and become
more like the Lord Jesus Christ. Calvary is not only
the place where Jesus died for our
sins, but it is also the place
where He sanctified suffering and, by
His resurrection, transformed suffering into
glory. Seek to glorify the Lord, and He will do the rest. Martin Luther
once said, "Our suffering is not worthy [of] the name of suffering. When I consider
my crosses, tribulations, and temptations, I shame myself almost to death, thinking
what they are in comparison of the sufferings of my blessed Saviour Christ Jesus."
So, expect tests from Almighty God. Focus on promises
not explanations. Depend on God's Provision, and Seek to Glorify God in
all you do. Lastly,
5. Look forward to all Christ has for you (Genesis 22:15-24)
There is always an "afterward" to the tests of life (Heb. 12:11; 1 Peter 5:10),
because God never wastes suffering. Job could say, even in his suffering, "God
knows the way that I take; when He has tested me, I shall come forth as gold"
(Job 23:10). Abraham received several blessings from God because of his obedient
faith. To begin with, he received a new approval from
God (Gen. 22:12). Abraham had described this whole difficult experience
as "worship" (22:5) because, to him, that is what it was. He obeyed God's will
and sought to please God's heart, and God commended him. It is worth it to go
through trials if, at the end, the Father can say to us, "Well done!" He received
back a new son. Isaac and Abraham had been at the altar together,
and Isaac was now a "living sacrifice" (Rom. 12:1-2). God gave Isaac to Abraham,
and Abraham gave Isaac back to God. We must be careful
that God's gifts do not take the
place of the Giver. God gave Abraham new assurances
(Gen. 22:15-18). He had heard these promises before, but now they took on fresh
new meaning. Abraham also learned a new name for God
(22:14). Jehovah-jireh means "the Lord will be seen" or "the Lord will see to
it [provide]." May you also know God as Jehovah-jireh this week.
I am deeply indebted to Gene Getz for his book Abraham and also Warren Wersbie for his studies in Genesis for their insights which have been used and adapted in this sermon.